Category Archives: Rafting

Colorado Whitewater Rafting

Colorado Whitewater Rafting

Colorado whitewater rafting is considered by many to be one of the best places in the United States to go and do some Colorado whitewater rafting. The mighty Colorado River is more than 1,450 miles long, and cover tremendous area. The riverside sights leave everyone speechless, especially the desert sections, with their hundred millions years old canyons and all the ghost towns of Sierra Madre. Moreover, Colorado whitewater rafting has something in store for all – from the chairman of the board, to the baby on board. Class 01 to Class 06 rapids are plenty, so no matter what your level your Colorado whitewater rafting experience is, you will definitely have something do while you’re at it.

The Browns Canyon is the number one choice for some laid back Colorado whitewater rafting. The area is isolated, no big rapids, beautiful scenery. More experienced Colorado whitewater rafting teams should proceed downstream to the Wildhorse Canyon. This is a more technical challenge, so forget warm-ups and start paddling. Great views of the tall mountain peaks along the way.

If you are looking for something raw and wild in Colorado whitewater rafting, saddle up and turn to the Numbers section. Class 04 to Class 05. No time to joke around or even recover, you have to have SKILLS if you want to survive this one. Narrow and steep. Take the whole day to do some serious Colorado whitewater rafting here.


When you come down to Colorado for some whitewater rafting, you do not need to know how to swim or anything, because state-of-the-art Type 5 whitewater lifejackets will be provided for everyone by the outfitters. That’s state standard for every outfitter, operating in the region. Of course, you should be comfortable enough around water anyway, because sometimes we all have to take the fall out of the boat, no matter where, or no matter what whitewater rafting experience we have.


Since a lot of the Colorado whitewater rafting trips take more than a day or two, especially if you’re doing the Great Canyon whitewater rafting, you will have to go ashore at the end of the day, and that’s another great place to have some fun. Historic ghost towns or the canyon scenery itself are well worth exploring thoroughly. Moreover, even if you are too tired to go anywhere, the campsites will provide you with plenty of comfort and fun. Delicious food, cooked on the spot right there. Everybody chilling by the fireside. Quality wine. Tasty breakfast in the morning. You name it, the sky’s the limit – ask your outfitter and you will get it.


Colorado Whitewater Rafting

Colorado Whitewater Rafting

The Colorado whitewater rafting season is open from mid-April to mid-October, so it leaves you plenty of time to do some serious Colorado whitewater rafting. Of course, there are some weather changes, but that only adds diversity to the whole thing. For instance, from April to June, the water levels are higher, rain is more frequent and the temperature is cooler. The rapids are also considerably wilder, so if you like some real challenges, this may be the best time to do some Colorado whitewater rafting.

When July and August come, the water levels drop down and stabilize, thus decreasing rapid class, and also making the trips enjoyable for beginners too. The weather is sunny and hot, with just only occasional showers in the afternoon to let you cool down a bit. In addition, when the water recedes, some Colorado whitewater rafting sections become more technically challenging, because of all the riverbed obstructions.


Whitewater Rafting in California

cropped-Whitewater-rafting-californiaCalifornia and the American West in all is absolutely one of the greatest places in the world to do some California whitewater rafting. Californian rivers are great for everyone, amateur and professional alike. Beautiful scenery, the Sierra Nevada mountain range, and the western spirit itself – what more do you need? Everything is truly unique, so California whitewater rafting is also an experience you will get nowhere else. Sure, you can go rafting almost everywhere, but hey, you are a person of class and style, right? So do not think about settling for anything less than the legendary American River. Anybody who has gone rafting through the mighty canyons of the American river, will definitely tell you that is an experience one does not forget.

Many people choose to go whitewater rafting in California, because of many reasons –


  • A lot of reputable and reliable outfitters operate in this area (just a quick word about them – since there are so many of them, do not hesitate to spend some extra time checking with more than a couple, to be sure that you will get everything you want, and for the best price, too);
  • The nature is amazing.
  • The weather is always nice.
  • Everything is close to the Central Valley, Lake Tahoe and the San Francisco Bay area.
  • Class 01 to Class 06 challenges are plenty – families, seniors, kids, survival maniacs, and Olympic athletes will all find their own river to go whitewater rafting.


In short, whatever your taste, whatever your experience, and whatever your spirit is, California will exceed everybody’s expectations. So let us look deeper into the California whitewater rafting issues.


Planning your trip with an outfitter


SB_ww101IMGUse this introductory information to help you make sure you find the outfitter best suited to you and your plans. If this is your first outfitted trip, take time to choose the experience that is right for you.

You many want to take notes about your experience with each outfitter starting with your first phone call. Did they seem friendly and helpful? Did you feel they were focused on your needs and questions?

If you are planning for a group, take an important information & intermission — insure that your trip is the right “fit” for everyone. Take a few minutes with yourself, family, friends and/or group to talk over what each member wants from the trip. Ask yourselves:

  • What are our reasons for doing this?
  • Do we want to relax, just play, be intensely challenged, or all of the above?
  • How long do we want to be away?
  • How much can we spend?
  • When do we want to go, and how flexible can we be?
  • What kind of scenery are we looking for?
  • How much do we want to do ourselves, and how much do we want somebody to do for us?


cabins-and-camping-sitesYou do want to camp out?
You’ll be pleasantly surprised by the comfort of camping in “90′s outfitter-style.” The ground is still hard, but the sleeping pads are so thick you never notice. The tents may be erected for you; if not, they only take minutes and no experience to set up. The food is fresh, delicious and plentiful–not freeze-dried, dehydrated mystery food. The only difference between your toilet at home and on your trip is the plumbing and the view–the plumbing’s better at home, the view’s better at camp. In other words, camping is a pretty comfortable, pleasant experience nowadays, and not something to be suffered through in order to see some pretty scenery.

You don’t want to camp out?
Most any activity included in this directory can be enjoyed without spending a night outside. Many of the outings can be enjoyed in less than a day; for multiple-day excursions, ask the outfitter about lodge trips or using a base lodge and doing day outings from there. Don’t let your dislike of camping keep you away from any outdoor activity.


Children as young as three years old can go on some trips. Family-oriented trips have special programs, meals and staff just for children. Most outfitters welcome children on their trips, if the trip is not too challenging and the appropriate equipment is available. It’s important to ask the specific outfitters about their orientation towards children, and how often they take children with ages and abilities similar to yours.

How safe is it and is it appropriate for my child?
Thousands of families renew their lives in America’s backcountry. A trip with your child has a special meaning for the entire family. Some trips are specially designed for families or youth groups, with special programs, meals and staff just for children.

Outfitters usually establish rafting safety, minimum sizes or ages for their particular trips. It is important to ask the specific outfitter about age and skill requirements concerning children. As with any experience in the natural environment, risks can be managed, but not totally eliminated. You may be asked to sign an acknowledgment of risk or agree to accept the inherent risks of the activity.

greenriverAsk For the Ages Appropriate for the Trip.
The appropriate age for a trip is determined by the length of trip, the physical challenge, the expectations of your family, the equipment you are required to use or wear and other factors. Inquire about these issues when discussing the trip with an outfitter. Take notes about these and other issues when discussing your options with the outfitter.

Do We All Have to Do the Same Activity?
Having the whole family together on a trip can be very rewarding. But if you’ve got a variety of ages and tastes in your family and not everyone wants to do the same thing, ask about other activities or options. Most outfitters have a variety of outdoor trips or services, or there may be other activities in the area if part of the family wants to do something different.

What are the Physical Requirements?
If you are taking a raft trip, for example, determine if all the participants are required to paddle and if they are expected to be able to swim to shore if they fall out of the raft. Many trips do not require more than normal physical capabilities. But it is wise to understand the greatest amount of physical activity required on the trip to see if it matches your family’s capabilities. There are many scenic float trips punctuated by a few ripples or small rapids, followed by big, slow-moving pools of water that are good options for younger children. Horseback rides are popular with children. Determine whether your child will be expected to handle a horse by themselves or if they may ride double with you.

Are Parents Required to Supervise the Children?
You should understand the degree of supervision expected by you during the trip. Are you required to accompany the children and supervise their activities or do trip leaders assume some of this responsibility?

Are There Trips and Activities Designed Especially for Children?
Some outfitters have special family packages or trips with activities to appeal to smaller children. Ask how often similar families take the trip you are inquiring about. How long will your children have to be on the water or on the trail at any one time? Are breaks planned, with plenty of time to explore? Activities like swimming, hiking, watching wildlife and hunting for that special river rock or gemstone are among the activities included on some trips. On almost every trip to a new area you can expect your family to learn something new about the outdoors.

aca_cert_4_06_-1What Will You be Required to Wear and What Temperatures Should You Expect?
Life jackets are required on whitewater trips. Sometimes the availability of an appropriate size life jacket for a child determines the availability of a river trip. Be sure to provide the outfitter with an accurate description of your child’s weight and height. You should know whether or not wet suits are ever required for your river trip and, if so, is one available for your child. Helmets may be required for certain activities. It is very important for you to understand in advance what you are required to bring to wear and what is available through the outfitter. Outfitters’ brochures are usually very specific about the appropriate wear and equipment you’re expected to bring. If you are going on an extended trip, make a checklist of items you need to bring. Remember there may be limitations on how much gear you can take along, so ask about that if it is unclear.

What Food is Provided on the Trip and Does it Match Your Child’s Tastes?
Outfitters are renown for providing excellent cuisine. On multi-day trips, you may want to ask about the meals. Be sure to inform the outfitter if there are any special dietary requirements for your family to determine if they are available on the outing.


Outfitters provide reasonable accommodations to individuals with particular needs. Some specialize in adaptive programs. If you need accommodation for a disability or are interested in a specially designed trip contact them before you take decisions.


After reviewing the literature you received and your notes, call and book your trip. Half or one-day trips can usually be reserved as late as the day before you want to go. Certain trips, especially the more popular ones, fill up fast. Longer trips book up earlier, so plan at least six months ahead. Make sure you understand the cancellation policy!
Some Additional Questions You May Want to Ask:

  • How experienced is your staff?
  • Is the trip priced all-inclusive?
  • Can the outfitter provide for your special dietary needs?
  • Can they tell you about other guests on your trip? Are there children? Other families?
  • Are there any age or other restrictions?

Your outfitter will provide you with complete trip information, which could include suggested travel arrangements, packing lists, reading lists, pre-trip fitness tips, where to stay before and after your trip, etc. If you have any questions, whatsoever, about getting ready for your trip, call your outfitter and ask. Not only is it their job to answer your questions, they expect it. And it’s everybody’s best interest for you to be well prepared and enthusiastic.


South Fork American River Rafting History

south-fork-american-peopleDuring the 1850s, when the gold-rush was reaching its peak on the south fork american river in Coloma, an interesting thing began taking place. Cultures began mixing their food and music, they shared stories, experiences and jokes. As they sat around the campfires, they learned from each other. As they worked in the mines in the hills and the dredges in the river, they began mixing their skills and talents.

160 years later, not much has changed. Now, however, rafters – not miners- mix their food, music and jokes. People come from all over the world. Raft guides in particular come from all corners of the earth with their music (Costa Rican salsa, New Zealand hip-hop, Irish punk-rock) and their stories and experiences. They learn different styles of running rivers, steering rafts, cooking tri-tip steaks. Much like the old miners, rafters sit around the campfire after work and swap stories and jokes. Considering that Whitewater Connection camp is 300 yards downstream of Sutter’s Mill, where James Marshall found the first gold nugget in 1848, it’s likely that rafters sing and laugh on the same spots along the South Fork American River as miners did.

How cool is that?


Adventure of Rogue River Rafting

Rogue-River-RaftingOnce you embark on your Oregon Rogue River rafting, kayaking or hiking vacation, you begin to understand what a magical place this is–and why Oregon’s Rogue River has been protected as a wild and scenic river since 1968. In fact, the Rogue River was one of the original twelve rivers designated under the federal Wild and Scenic Rivers Act. The Wild Rogue Wilderness Act augments the protection of Oregon’s Rogue River wild and scenic designation.

Rogue-River-Rafting-2Oregon’s pristine Rogue River flows deep into a wooded canyon, a botanically rich and diverse ecosystem, a true paradise. Depending on whether your looking at a north-facing or south-facing slop, the Rogue River canyon is either wet and lush or arid and sparse. Madrone trees with red bark peeling from their smooth trunks cluster on the Rogue’s southern exposed banks.

Rogue-River-Hiking-3The Rogue River’s most coveted Oregon rafting and kayaking run is this wild and scenic stretch beginning at Grave Creek and ending at Foster Bar. This is an Oregon rafting enthusiast’s dream, dropping through a series of spine-tingling rapids separated by quiet, even-flowing pools. These moments of quiet respite create an ideal setting for lying back and gazing at the spectacular canyon scenery that slides past your gliding raft or kayak.

Rogue-River-Hiking-4Glancing over to the mossy banks of the mighty Oregon Rogue River, you might likely spy a blue heron spiking a tiny fish for dinner, a black bear foraging for berries, an eagle keeping a lookout high in the trees for its next meal, or even a playful family of otters out to spin and twist in the Rogue’s waters…making you laugh out loud at their antics.

An Oregon Rogue River rafting adventure captures it all: history, folklore, wildlife, and fantastically eroded geologic features. For many folks, this is the best, most relaxing rafting vacation they have ever experienced…which is why they keep coming back year after year…to stay in touch with the unique character of Oregon’s Rogue River rafting and kayaking canyon.


Family Adventures

Many rivers offer a rafting experience that is ideal for families and children. Rafting combines the very best elements of a summer holiday: excitement, adventure, scenery, camping, great food. Rafting can also be a multi-generational trip. As many as three generations (grandparents, parents and children) have safely paddled down rivers together!

Going with a professional rafting company is essential to ensure your safety and comfort. Many questions should be asked of your prospective rafting outfitter:

  • What type of rafts are available?
  • Which rafting trip is best for my family and what is the minimum age/weight to go rafting?
  • How long have you been offering trips to families and what safety standards do you use on trips with children or older adults?

What are the Types of Rafts Available?

An important question to ask your rafting outfitter is what types of rafts do they use (type of propulsion)? The following types of rafts are available:

Paddle rafts:

Each person in the raft gets a paddle and one professional guide who sits in the back calling out commands and steering the boat. This is the most popular means of rafting today, but does require the participation of everyone when doing rapids of moderate difficulty (Class 3 or higher). In Class 1 or 2 rapids, paddling is not so critical that everyone must be paddling. Younger kids could jump to the front of the raft in these rapids and just hang on. Paddle rafting is a true participation sport and paddle rafts are used on all classes of whitewater from Class 1-5. Paddle rafts are the preferred type of raft for most Class 3 and 4 whitewater trips. Paddle rafts can also do extreme whitewater as they are ideal on technical and steep rivers with an expert guide at the helm. Many of the Class 5 rivers that are run commercially use paddle rafts.

Oar rafts:

Oar rafts are simply rafts with a large rectangular rowing frame strapped in securely to the raft, either in the middle or the back of the boat (stern). This frame will have a seat for the guide and two pins or oarlocks that support the oars. The guide will sit facing downstream and row through the rapids. The oars are quite powerful and the guide often does not need additional paddlers. However, on some rivers with Class 3 and 4 whitewater, participants may each have a paddle and the guide will call out commands for them to paddle. In this case, the company should use a stern-mounted frame so that all the paddlers are in front of the guide.

A specialized type of oar raft, the cataraft, is typically two large tubes with an oar frame attached. Catarafts are capable of running extreme whitewater rapids and big holes, and for this reason, are often used as safety rafts on Class 4 and 5 rivers.


Motor rafts:

Motorized rafts are very common on large-volume rivers in North America.The Grand Canyon of the Colorado and the Thompson River in British Columbia are two of the most popular rivers for motorized rafting. Participants merely sit and hold on through the rapids so it is particularly popular with seniors and those that don’t want to actively paddle. One unique advantage is that motor rafts can zip back upstream and re-run some rapids.


Jet Boats:

Not technically a raft, but jet boats are now operating on many river sections that rafts also navigate. Some people may think this is a type of rafting as these boats frequently jet up and down whitewater rapids.


What Type of Raft trip is Best for my Family?

What type of raft trip is best for your family depends on the following factors:

  • Age and experience of the family members
  • Difficulty of the whitewater and special river hazards or features
  • Personal preference for an active or passive trip
  • Length of trip desired

Age and experience are important factors in deciding the type of trip. Every outfitter has different age limits for their trips and they will tell you what river is best. A few outfitters will take young children from ages 5 and up, especially if they are just doing a float trip. We recommend that families with young children try an easy river (Class 1 – 2) as a day trip (2 to 4 hours in length) to see how the children and parents enjoy the trip. These trips are often marketed as scenic float trips.

Whitewater trips that feature Class 3 rapids will usually have a minimum age of between 8 and 12. These age limits are often set by the outfitters based on their judgment. They may also ask you about the weight of your children since lifejackets have a weight rating. In our experience, children under the ages of 8 or 9 (usually less than 60 pounds), are not very good paddlers and thus should go in an oar raft or a paddle raft with other stronger paddlers. If your children enjoy camping, an overnight rafting trip would be a highlight of the summer.

Class 4 trips are best when your children are teenagers as most companies will have a minimum age limit of 12 to 14 for more challenging rivers. Check to see if any special river hazards or features exist such as extremely cold water, log hazards, portages (carry around an unrunnable rapid) or other features that you should be aware of. Swimming ability is a must when running Class 4.

An important consideration in choosing your trip is how active you want to be. If you’d rather just sit and enjoy the scenery, then an oar or motor raft trip is the best choice. If you want to be an active participant and feel the reward of paddling the river, then a paddle raft is your only option.

Multi-day rafting expedition trips, usually using oar rafts, are an incredible family experience. Chances are you’ll have miles and miles of floating, perfect for the guide to row you and your family while you relax, enjoy the scenery, float in the river, or try your hand at fishing. Motor rafts are an option on a few large volume rivers and one advantage is that they can speed up the trip during the calm sections. For example, motorized trips on the Grand Canyon are much shorter (7 days) than oar or paddle trips (up to 14 days or longer).

Why Company Experience is Important on a Family Rafting Trip

More experience generally means better judgment on the river.  River trips with young children should offer a little excitement but the trip should not scare them either. Younger children have fun getting splashed on a Class 2 rapid and many Class 3 rapids are also appropriate. Some companies have a policy that only senior guides, those with 3 or more seasons of guiding, take families with children especially when the river has Class 3 or higher rapids.  On any Class 2, 3 or 4 rapid, guides usually have many options in terms of how they run the rapid. Some routes are definitely more exciting and challenging and others are easier. Senior guides with more years of experience can best determine which route to take families with children.

In general, the outfitters on each river are the best judge of the type of trip that is best for you and your family. However, you should check with several companies because not all have the same standards of safety, customer service or experience on the river.

It makes sense to ask the outfitter how many years of experience their guides have or even request a senior guide for your raft. Some companies have such high turnover from year to year that many of their guides are new or even first-year guides. Others may employ guides with 10 seasons of raft guiding under their belt on rivers around the world. Again, these are questions that you should be asking particularly if you are rafting Class 3+ rapids.



Thrill Seekers

Looking for an adrenaline rush? While rafting on any river any time is a guaranteed good time, many paddlers are looking for the ultimate in excitement and challenge. If that’s the case and you are ready for an extreme test, you’ll want to try rafting a river with Class 4 or 5 rapids. We’ve outlined the Class 1-6 classification system of rapids in our Rafting 101 section. Class 4 and 5 rapids are generally the most challenging that a professional rafting company will run commercial rafting guests. You should be in good physical condition and be a strong swimmer in case you find yourself floating through one of the rapids on your own!

Below is a list of popular Class 4 and 5 runs in North America, many of which are offered by members. Please remember that Class ratings do vary with river levels and other factors. A Class 4 run may be a Class 5 river in high water or seem like a Class 3 river at low water. So ask the outfitters what river levels are likely to be like on the day you come rafting. Most will not be able to give you exact river flow information, but in general, they can tell you what the river is normally like during the time you are coming.


  • Kennebec River Gorge Run: Class 4 during high water flows
  • Penobscot River, West Branch: Class 4-4+

New York:

  • Hudson River (Indian River to North River): Class 4 at high water flows
  • Moose River: Class 4-5
  • Black River: Class 4

West Virginia:

  • Cheat River: Class 4 at moderate flows
  • Tygart River: Class 4-5
  • New River Gorge: Class 4-
  • Gauley River: Class 4-5


  • Russell Fork: Class 5

North Carolina:

  • Watauga Gorge: Class 5
  • Nolichucky River: Class 4 at high flows


  • Chattooga River (Section 4): Class 4+


  • Selway River: Class 4


  • Upper Colorado River (Gore Canyon): Class 5-5+
  • Animas River (upper section): Class 5

New Mexico:

  • Rio Grande (Taos Box): Class 4


  • Colorado River (Grand Canyon): Class 4+


  • Forks of the Kern: Class 5
  • Tuolumne River (Cherry Creek): Class 5
  • Tuolumne River (Clavey Falls run): Class 4-4+
  • Trinity River (Burnt Ranch Gorge): Class 5
  • Cal Salmon: Class 4-5

British Columbia:

  • Nahatlatch (including Canyon): Class 4-4+
  • Stein: Class 5
  • Chilko (Lava Canyon): Class 4+
  • Fraser (Hell’s Gate): Class 4+
  • Thompson: Class 4 at high water

Yukon & Alaska:

  • Alsek (Turnback Canyon): Class 4-5

Whitewater Rafting 101

Never been rafting?

Planning your first rafting trip can be intimidating.  As a beginner you may have many questions: Where do I find whitewater? What do I need to know? Is rafting safe? Do I need to be experienced?

The best way to experience rafting for the first time is sign up for a trip with a reputable and professional rafting company armed with a little bit of rafting knowledge.

Rating the Rapids

First, not all rafting trips are created equal. Rivers can be relatively calm and benign or be raging maelstroms of whitewater and it is important to be aware of different rafting classifications for rapids and how the various trips are actually marketed to the public.

Rapids are rated on a scale of 1 to 6, with 1 being the easiest and 6 the most difficult. Any rating system is only a rough approximation of what you may actually encounter as rapids are greatly affected by river flows (volume) and other factors. Basic definitions for each class of whitewater are presented below:

Class 1:

Moving water with a few riffles and small waves but no major obstacles.

Class 2:

Bigger waves but no major obstructions in the channel.

Class 3:

Longer and more difficult rapids, hydraulics are bigger (waves, holes, currents). Some technical maneuvering is required but usually for a limited number of moves.

Class 4:

Steeper, longer or more heavily obstructed than Class 3 rapids. Usually, more technical and require many maneuvers. Scouting of rapids may be required prior to running. Swimming Class 4 is challenging.

Class 5:

Strong currents, big waves, boulders, restricted routes and powerful holes that can hold or flip rafts. Scouting is mandatory. Portaging around rapid may be required depending on river levels. Swimming Class 5 rapids is extremely challenging.

Class 6:

Considered unrunnable such as a large waterfall or an extremely violent section of whitewater with severe hazards. Risks include injury or loss of life. Commercial rafting outfitters do not provide rafting trips on rapids with Class 6 ratings.

River volume, water temperature, gradient and river hazards all play a role in determining the appropriate rating of a rapid. High water flows can easily increase the river class one or two levels so rapids that are normally Class 4 could increase to Class 5 or 6 levels.

For those unsure how exciting or dangerous a river may be, try using the standard symbols for downhill skiing as follows:

  • Green Circle=easy (Class 2)
  • Blue Square=Intermediate (Class 3)
  • Black Diamond=Advanced (Class 4)
  • Double Black Diamond=Extreme (Class 5).

Doing a double black diamond ski run or a Class 5 river is not a safe proposition for a first timer. Try starting at a comfortable level and moving up the scale. Always remember that high water can increase a rating so if you are going rafting during the high water season, plan accordingly when choosing your river run.

Finding the Best River

Although rafting is available world-wide, certain areas are recognized as premier rafting locations:

  • Western United States: California, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Colorado, Alaska, Arizona
  • Western Canada: British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon
  • Southeastern United States: West Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee
  • Northeastern United States: New York, Maine, Pennsylvania
  • Eastern Canada: Ontario, Quebec
  • Mexico & Central America: Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras
  • South America: Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina
  • Africa: Zambia, Ethiopia, South Africa, Uganda
  • Europe & Asia: France, Switzerland, Austria, Norway, Turkey, Nepal, India, Japan
  • South Pacific: New Zealand, Australia


Length of River Trips

In addition to river difficulty and location, you also need to know the different types of trips available and the length of a trip. In general, rafting trips can be divided into short-duration trips of 1-2 days and long-duration or expedition trips of 3 or more days.

Short duration trips include day trips and overnight trips, typically 1-2 days in length. A day trip is typically a rafting trip of 3 to 5 hours duration, though many trips are shorter or longer. An overnight trip includes one or more nights camping or lodging and one or two days rafting. Short duration trips can feature anything from Class 1 to 5 rapids, but most whitewater day trips provided by professional river-rafting companies feature Class 3 and 4 rapids.

Long duration or multi-day expedition trips are typically 3 to 14 days in length. Many rafting expeditions feature big whitewater whereas others may consist of slow-moving Class 1-2 water and the main highlight is the scenery. Others provide a mix of floating and whitewater. For example, the legendary Grand Canyon of the Colorado is 90% Class 1-2 rapids interspersed with huge Class 4 rapids.

Price of River Trips

How much should you pay for your rafting trip? As expected, pricing varies greatly by region and is subject to a number of factors such as permit restrictions (fewer the permits, generally the higher the price) and other market factors. In general, companies price according to their level of experience and quality of trip. If an outfitter is charging much less than others in the market, it may indicate price competition, fewer frills provided, and possibly a lower standard of customer care.

Because safety is so important, ask your prospective outfitter how long they have operated, how many trips or years have they operated on this river, what kind of safety record do they have and do they employ any special safety features on the trips. For example, on some rivers, companies provide full-body wetsuits for protection from the river temperature and hazards and safety kayakers that follow the trip and look out for swimmers. Helmets are generally recommended on Class 3 and above rapids but some companies do not provide them even on Class 4 or higher whitewater. Standards do vary significantly among companies and by country.